(04a) Horse Chestnut

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  • Species
    • Horse Chestnut
  • Botanical Name
    • Aesculus hippocastanum
  • Location
    • At the junction of Cannonside and Cannon Grove.
    • Grid Reference: TQ 15167, 56378
    • Latitude, Longitude: 51.294894, -0.33962483
    • What3 Words: makes.fuel.ahead
  • Identification
    • This is a spreading tree with leaves divided into 5-7 long "fingers". It has huge, sticky buds and children sometimes refer to this as the "sticky-bud tree". The white flowers stand erect like candles.
  • About this species
    • This tree is native to Albania and Greece and was introduced to the UK in the 1600s. It was planted in the grounds of large houses and eventually naturalised. It hybridised with the New World version - the American Buckeye - to give the Red Horse Chestnut. The tree's conkers make it popular with children. Conkers contain saponins which are soap-like chemicals that can be used to deter moths or added to shampoo or shower gel. It is now planted to supply the pharmaceutical industry with conkers for the extract of aescin used as a remedy for strains and bruising.
  • Local information
    • There are several beautiful specimens of Horse Chestnut throughout Fetcham village.
    • It is subject to several diseases which can turn the leaves brown by July and make it look as though Autumn has come early. You can see this along the trees in the Ridgeway.

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