(04) Horse Chestnut

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  • Species
    • Horse Chestnut
  • Botanical Name
    • Aesculus hippocastanum
  • Location
    • On the wide verge in Badingham Drive at the Lower Road end.
    • Grid Reference: TQ 15032, 55809
    • Latitude, Longitude: 51.289807, -0.35174332
    • What3 Words: artist.causes.proven
  • Girth (circumference of trunk at 1.5m height)
    • 3.54 meters
  • Estimated Age
    • 206 years
  • Identification
    • This is a spreading tree with leaves divided into 5-7 long "fingers". It has huge, sticky buds and children sometimes refer to this as the "sticky-bud tree". The white flowers stand erect like candles.
  • About this species
    • This tree is native to Albania and Greece and was introduced to the UK in the 1600s. It was planted in the grounds of large houses and eventually naturalised. It hybridised with the New World version - the American Buckeye - to give the Red Horse Chestnut. The tree's conkers make it popular with children. Conkers contain saponins which are soap-like chemicals that can be used to deter moths or added to shampoo or shower gel. It is now planted to supply the pharmaceutical industry with conkers for the extract of aescin used as a remedy for strains and bruising.
  • Local information
    • There are several beautiful specimens of Horse Chestnut throughout Fetcham village, the other ones to look out for on the tree trail are in Cannon Grove, and a stand of three trees at the entrance to Cannon Grove Recreation ground.
    • It is subject to several diseases which can turn the leaves brown by July and make it look as though Autumn has come early. You can see this along the trees in the Ridgeway.

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