(04b) Horse Chestnut

Hits: 12

  • Species
    • Horse Chestnut
  • Botanical Name
    • Aesculus hippocastanum
  • Location
    • Cannon Court Recreation Ground, just inside entrance (3 trees)
    • Grid Reference: TQ 15386, 56548
    • Latitude, Longitude: 51.296377, -0.34643037
    • What3 Words: fines.shin.trio
  • Girth (circumference of trunk at 1.5m height)
    • Not measured - meters
  • Estimated Age
    • Not estimated - years
  • Identification
    • These are spreading trees with leaves divided into 5-7 long "fingers". It has huge, sticky buds and children sometimes refer to this as the "sticky-bud tree". The white flowers stand erect like candles.
  • About this species
    • These trees are native to Albania and Greece and was introduced to the UK in the 1600s. It was planted in the grounds of large houses and eventually naturalised. It hybridised with the New World version - the American Buckeye - to give the Red Horse Chestnut. The tree's conkers make it popular with children. Conkers contain saponins which are soap-like chemicals that can be used to deter moths or added to shampoo or shower gel. It is now planted to supply the pharmaceutical industry with conkers for the extract of aescin used as a remedy for strains and bruising.
  • Local information
    • The are several beautiful Horse Chestnut trees in Fetcham, many of them in the Cannon Grove area.
    • It is subject to several diseases which can turn the leaves brown by July and make it look as though Autumn has come early. You can see this along the Ridgeway.

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